Andaman Cobra
Highly Venomous
Snakes Of India
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Snake Of India
Family: Elapidae
Common name: Andaman cobra
Scientific name: Naja sagittifera (Wall, 1913)
Species: N. sagittifera
At birth: 635mm (24in)
Adults: >1500mm (59in)
Toxin: Neurotoxin.
Region: This species of cobra is found only on the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal. Most of the islands belongs to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India, while a very small number in the north of the archipelago belong to Burma.
Description: This is a medium in length, heavy bodied species of cobra. The body is compressed dorsoventrally and sub-cylindrical posterior. Although maximum length of this species is unknown, it is thought that they can grow to a maximum of about 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) in length. The head is elliptical, depressed, slightly distinct from the neck with a short, rounded snout and large nostrils. The eyes are medium in size with round pupils. Its dorsal scales are smooth and strongly oblique. This species is unmistakable. Dorsal ground colour is black, with numerous light variegations, especially between scales. In juveniles, there is a conspicuous light line along dorsal scale rows 2, 3 or 4, but this pattern is less conspicuous in adults. Ventral side is light, cream or yellow. There is one very wide (usually more than 10 ventral scales) dark ventral band.
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